A lack of internet access is a problem for people across the UK, even in large cities, new research has claimed.
Point Topic has released a report that says "digital deprivation" is not limited to rural areas and even occurs in parts of London.
It found there are a number of factors behind this, with age, income, education and availability of broadband services all having a bearing on how connected individuals will be.
For example, the organisation found the older a person is the less likely they are to have a home broadband service, while internet access is higher among individuals with larger incomes.
Point Topic said households containing children are much more likely to have a broadband connection, while take-up of the technology is usually higher among individuals with a higher level of educational attainment.
Disability is also an important factor in digital deprivation, with the organisation citing figures from the Office for National Statistics that show half of the people who have not adopted broadband are disabled.
Point Topic's report included a map which highlighted the English local authority areas at most risk of digital deprivation. Surprisingly, Islington and Tower Hamlets - both located in London - were ranked among the regions where people are least likely to have home internet access.
Other major areas that were highlighted as having a high risk of digital deprivation include Birmingham and the West Midlands, Liverpool and Merseyside and South Yorkshire. The risk is is also highest in mainly rural areas such as the south west, Herefordshire, East Anglia and Cumbria.
Last year, Point Topic highlighted satellite broadband as an important means of bringing reliable internet access across the European Union and said the technology had reached a "tipping point". It also revealed the number of worldwide subscribers to satellite broadband grew by 1.3 per cent in the third quarter of 2013.